❤❤❤ Al Capone Mafia
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AL CAPONE : LE MAÎTRE DE LA MAFIA
The gangster's money allowed him to buy protection and services from politicians, Chicago policeman, and even government agents. Determining those associated with Capone proved a difficult task, leading to mistrust of the highest government officials. District Attorney George Emmerson Q. Johnson headed the task of finding honest men to bring Capone down. Impressed by Ness's outspokenness, Johnson called him to interview in his office. Immediately following the discussion, Johnson assigned Ness to lead the operation. Ness had to choose no more than 12 men to form this special squad. Ness's plan was to injure Capone where it hurt most: his wallet.
If the squad could severely damage the mobster's sources of income, Capone would lose the power to buy protection and services. The assignment was to destroy the breweries affiliated with Capone and gather evidence associating Capone and his followers with breaking federal laws. By October , Ness had selected nine agents to carry out these awesome tasks. This special unit began locating and shutting down breweries in the Chicago area affiliated with Capone. Through surveillance, anonymous tips and wire-tapping, they were able to discover many of the moneymaking businesses in which Capone was involved.
Outraged, Ness ordered the man out and immediately called the press into his office. That day in , Ness announced that neither he nor any of his men could be bought by Capone, and their mission was unstoppable. The next day, a Chicago Tribune reporter referred to the special squad as "The Untouchables," a name that eventually became the title of a s TV crime drama about Ness, as well as a popular feature film that starred Kevin Costner. Seeing the press as an ally, Ness made a habit of calling the media for each raid his crew made on Capone's breweries.
Although critics argued that such publicity would harm the squad's efforts, Ness proved them wrong because they could operate under "The Untouchables" without recognition. Capone, however, fought back and enhanced security measures around his businesses, making it difficult for Ness's men to invade them. Capone assigned men to recognize the 10 agents and others to follow them. The squad's phones were even tapped, and the pressure was mounting.
Ness even caught sight of one of Capone's men watching his parents' home. For some time the squad was unsuccessful in their mission. Capone's rage intensified and caused a friend of Ness's to be brutally murdered. In response, Ness made a personal phone call to Capone, telling him to look out his window at 11 o'clock, at which time Ness paraded all of Capone's vehicles seized from the raids which were on their way to be auctioned off. Following this, three murder attempts were made on Ness. Not giving up, Ness and his men discovered a large brewery on the top two floors of an office building after receiving an anonymous tip from a woman. After a long and successful career in Chicago and Cleveland, perhaps Ness' greatest challenge came when his reputation as an irreproachable investigator was questioned.
While operating successfully for a long time as safety director in Cleveland, Ness's character was questioned after he assembled a team of policemen who used their clubs on strikers, creating chaos and injuries resulting in over hospitalized strikers. Another incident occurred, forcing the public to begin questioning his character. The Torso Murder, in which a serial killer dismembered his victims and threatened the city of Cleveland from to , caused citizens to become outraged. With the pressure increasing, Ness decided to conduct a raid in an area where homeless people gathered and where the criminal was suspected of living.
Finding no evidence there, Ness ordered all of those gathered there to be arrested and their places of settlement burned. The public became bitter, claiming inappropriate behavior had emerged out of Ness's frustration. They wanted Ness removed from his position. They received their wish when Ness divorced his wife of 10 years to marry Evaline McAndrew and moved to Lakewood in Holding a position with the Federal Social Protection Program there, he soon became the object of criticism once again.
Critics claimed he had become at ease in his duties and paid more attention to his personal interests than his job. Ironically, his reputation was severely damaged when news of a car accident due to intoxication was released. Two months after the accident, Ness resigned and took a job with the Office of Defense, overseeing a campaign against social diseases. His second wife divorced him and moved to New York.
Ness and his men forced Capone's organization to buy alcohol outside of Chicago and smuggle it in, a more expensive and time-consuming process. Successful in snuffing out Capone's bootlegging business, the special unit then had the awesome task of assembling a legal case against the mobster and his followers. On June 12, , Ness went before a federal grand jury and accumulated indictments against Capone and 68 members of his mob for conspiracy to breach the Volstead Act, specifying 5, different offenses against Prohibition Laws. In the end, however, Capone was never brought to trial on any Prohibition charges.
Treasury agents had already presented evidence on June 5, , to indict Capone for income tax evasion. District Attorney Johnson decided to put the mobster on trial for the Treasury charges, saving Ness's Prohibition violations in case Capone escaped conviction. The trial began on October 6, , with Ness present in the courtroom each day. Within two weeks, Capone was found guilty and sentenced to 11 years in a federal penitentiary. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Capone jumped at the opportunity. In Chicago, Torrio was presiding over a booming business in gambling and prostitution, but with the enactment in of the 18th Amendment prohibiting the sale and consumption of alcohol, Torrio focused on a new, more lucrative field: bootlegging. But unlike the low-profile Torrio, Capone began to develop a reputation as a drinker and rabble-rouser.
After hitting a parked taxicab while driving drunk, he was arrested for the first time. Torrio quickly used his city government connections to get him off. Capone cleaned up his act when his family arrived from Brooklyn. His wife and son, along with his mother, younger brothers and sister all moved to Chicago, and Capone bought a modest house in the middle-class South Side. In , when Chicago elected a reformist mayor who announced that he planned to rid the city of corruption, Torrio and Capone moved their base beyond the city limits to suburban Cicero. But a mayoral election in Cicero threatened their operations. To ensure they could continue doing business, Torrio and Capone initiated an intimidation effort on the day of the election, March 31, , to guarantee their candidate would get elected.
Some voters were even shot and killed. After an attempt on his life in by rival mobsters, Torrio decided to leave the business and return to Italy, turning over the entire operation to Capone. From there, he began living a luxurious and public lifestyle, spending money lavishly, although always in cash to avoid a trail. Some even considered him a kind of Robin Hood figure, or as anti- Prohibition resentment grew, a dissident who worked on the side of the people. It lasted just two months. By early Capone dominated the illegal liquor trade in Chicago. Capone and McGurn decided to kill Moran. Alerted to the danger as he approached the garage, Bugs Moran escaped the slaughter. Although Capone was staying at his Miami home at the time, the public and the media immediately blamed him for the massacre.
In response to the public outcry over the St. The Supreme Court had ruled in that income gained on illegal activities was taxable, which gave the government a strong case for prosecuting Capone. On June 5, the U. Although the government had solid evidence against him, Capone remained confident that he would get off with a minimal sentence and struck a plea bargain in return for a two-and-a-half year sentence. When the judge in the case declared that he would not honor the agreement, Capone quickly withdrew his guilty plea, and the case went to trial.
During the trial Capone used the best weapon in his arsenal: bribery and intimidation. But at the last moment, the judge switched to an entirely new jury. Capone was found guilty and sent to prison for 11 years. Capone spent the first two years of his incarceration in a federal prison in Atlanta. After he was caught bribing guards, however, Capone was sent to the notorious island prison Alcatraz in Isolated there from the outside world, he could no longer wield his still considerable influence. Moreover, he began suffering from poor health.
Capone had contracted syphilis as a young man, and he now suffered from neurosyphilis, causing dementia. After serving six-and-a-half years, Capone was released in to a mental hospital in Baltimore, where he remained for three years. His health rapidly declining, Capone lived out his last days in Miami with his wife. He died of cardiac arrest on January 25, But Capone was a ruthless gangster responsible for murdering or ordering the assassinations of scores of people, and his contemptible acts of violence remain at the center of his legacy. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Capone was in a street gang as a child. Capone belonged to a street gang as a boy and Chicago shivered through a particularly bleak November in As the U.
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