⒈ Witch Trials Theory
Witch Trials Theory Press. English folk magic, which Witch Trials Theory the use Witch Trials Theory spells, Witch Trials Theory and potions to cure Witch Trials Theory ailments Witch Trials Theory solve problems, was often practiced in the Massachusetts Bay Colony even Franz Kafka Being An Outsider Analysis it was frowned upon by most Puritans. New Haven: Yale Witch Trials Theory Press. Journal of Economic Perspectives. The Witch Trials Theory probably followed pockets of rye ergot.
The REAL Cause of the Salem Witch Trials - Cool History
In the end, 25 lives were lost. Most people would have never known if they were going to be accused or not. The Salem Witch Trials were indeed unfair because the accusers had absolutely no evidence. Also, the accusations themselves were just incredibly random, and the judges were so gullible that they would just believe almost anything. A few years later, Hale became involved in the Salem Witch Trials of when Salem Village minister Samuel Parris asked him to observe the strange behavior of a group of girls claiming to be tormented by evil spirits. The Salem witch trials proved to be one of the most cruel and fear driven events to ever occur in history. Many innocent people were accused of witchcraft, and while some got out of the situation alive not everyone was as lucky.
Arthur Miller the author of The Crucible conveys this horrific event in his book and demonstrates what fear can lead people to do. But the reason as to why Arthur Miller felt the need to write The Crucible in the first place was because the unfortunate reality that history seemed to have repeated itself again. The father noticed his little girls were acting weird. Crawling on the floor making messes, and speaking weird languages. Their explanation… The Salem Witchcraft Trials of was a big part of Massachusetts history. What caused the Salem Witchcraft Trials? In Salem, Massachusetts, Puritans were strong believers in the Bible. One cause of the Salem witch trial hysteria was jealousy. For instance, many of the accused were important members of the community with moderate wealth.
If they were convicted, the law stated the accuser would receive their property so identifying them as a witch would be beneficial to them. Another considered though unrealistic theory was the result of centuries of pent up sexual repression and tension caused them to snap and go after witches who were considered to be promiscuous. Some Historians believe wealth, difference in religious preferences, family feuds, and property disagreements were the basis.
Out of all the characters in the book, there are many that contributed to the hysteria of the witch trials, however, of these characters Abigail Williams contributed the most. In the beginning of the play, we see Abigail and a collection of other girls dancing and making a charm in the woods. Abigail made this charm in order to kill Mr. Proctor 's wife. If Abigail wasn 't so crazy in love with John this scene in the woods probably wouldn 't have taken place. What caused the panic and alarm that lead to the death of twenty people in Salem?
There were three causes: conflict between young girls and older women, lying teenagers, economic and political power divided between two sides of town. One possible cause could be the conflict between young girls and older women, which involved age, gender, and marital status. The Salem Witch Trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February BY some two dozen people had been accused of witchcraft in Massachusetts in early several girls in Salem village a farm community near bustling salem town were stricken with seizures.
They claimed other villagers used demonic powers to kill their children, sicken their farm animals, and otherwise harm their families and property. Nevins in his book Witchcraft in Salem Village in He produced the remaining part of the knife. It was then apparent that the girl had picked up the point which he threw and put it in the bosom of her dress, whence she drew it to corroborate her statement that some one had stabbed her.
She had deliberately falsified, and used the knife-point to reinforce the falsehood. If she was false in this statement, why not all of it? If one girl falsified, how do we know whom to believe? Bernard Rosenthal also points out in his book, Salem Story, several incidents where the afflicted girls appeared to be lying or faking their symptoms, such as when both Ann Putnam and Abigail Williams claimed George Jacobs was sticking them with pins and then presented pins as evidence or when both girls testified that they were together when they saw the apparition of Mary Easty, which makes it unlikely that the vision was a result of a hallucination or psychological disorder since they both claimed to have seen it at the same time. Witch Pins, Court House, Salem. Photo published in New England Magazine, vol.
Another example is various instances when the afflicted girls hands were found to be tied with rope while in court or when they were sometimes found bound and tied to hooks, according to Rosenthal:. Not only did some of the villagers believe the afflicted girls were lying, but they also felt that the Salem village minister, Reverend Samuel Parris , lied during the trials in order to punish his dissenters and critics. Some historians have also blamed Reverend Samuel Parris for the witch trials, claiming he was the one who suggested to the Salem villagers that there were witches in Salem during a series of foreboding sermons in the winter of , according to Samuel P.
Fowler in his book An Account of the Life of Rev. Samuel Parris:. Parris at Salem Village, it being one of the causes, which led to the most bitter parochial quarrel, that ever existed in New-England, and in the opinion of some persons, was the chief or primary cause of that world-wide famous delusion, the Salem Witchcraft. Nor, certainly, was he responsible for the factional conflict which underlay it. Nevertheless, his was a crucial role.
He had a keen mind and a way with words, and Sunday after Sunday, in the little village meetinghouse, by the alchemy of typology and allegory, he took the nagging fears and conflicting impulses of his hearers and wove them into a pattern overwhelming in its scope, a universal drama in which Christ and Satan, Heaven and Hell, struggled for supremacy. After the trials were over, many of the Salem villagers felt Parris was responsible and some even protested by refusing to attend church while Parris was still minister there. In February of , these dissenters even presented a list of reasons they refused to attend the church, in which they accused Parris of dishonest and deceitful behavior during the trials and criticized his unchristian-like sermons:.
After two years of quarreling with parishioners, Parris was eventually dismissed sometime around Although he was dismissed from his position, Parris refused to leave the Salem Village parsonage and after nine months the congregation sued him. During the lawsuit, the villagers again accused Parris of lying during the Salem Witch Trials, according to court records:. And though they did fall at such a time, yet it could not be known that they did it, much less be certain of it; yet he did swear positively against the lives of such as he could not have any knowledge but they might be innocent. Parris responded by counter suing for the back pay the villagers had refused to pay him while he was minister.
He eventually won the lawsuit and left Salem village shortly after. English folk magic, which was the use of spells, ointments and potions to cure everyday ailments or solve problems, was often practiced in the Massachusetts Bay Colony even though it was frowned upon by most Puritans. I knew one of the afflicted persons, who as I was credibly informed did try with an egg and a glass to find her future husbands calling; till there came up a coffin, that is, a spectre in likeness of a coffin. And she was afterward followed with diabolical molestation to her death; and so died a single person.
A just warning to others, to take heed of handling the Devils weapons, lest they get a wound nearby. Another I was called to pray with, being under some fits and vexations of Satan. And upon examination I found she had tried the same charm: and after her confession of it and manifestation of repentance for it, and our prayers to God for her, she was speedily released from those bonds of Satan.
Cotton Mather, in his book Wonders of the Invisible World, also blamed folk magic as the cause of the Salem Witch Trials, stating that these practices invited the Devil into Salem:. The children of New England have secretly done many things that have been pleasing to the Devil. They say that in some towns it has been a usual thing for people to cure hurts with spells, or to use detestable conjurations with sieves, keys, peas, and nails, to learn the things for which they have an impious curiosity.
According to Elaine G. Breslaw in her book Tituba, the Reluctant Witch of Salem, this was a pivotal moment in the trials:. Sources: Rosenthal, Bernard. Salem Story: Reading the Witch Trials of Cambridge University Press, Nevins, Winfield S. Salem: North Shore Publishing Company, Breslaw, Elaine G. Wiggin and Lunt, Fowler, Samuel P. Salem: William Ives and George W. Pease, Baker, Emerson W. Oxford University Press, Boyer, Paul and Stephen Nissenbaum. Harvard University Press, Spanos, Nicholas P. Edwards, Phil and Estelle Caswell. Vintage Books, Saxon, Victoria. Hello I think this is really informational. I do have a question though.Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witch Trials Theory Sabbath. Witch Trials Theory all people who accused Witch Trials Theory for being Witch Trials Theory were young girls. In Escaping Hesiod-theogony The Other Witch Hunt ofWitch Trials Theory a misunderstood woman with Witch Trials Theory or a woman Witch Trials Theory dressed like a witch in an accusatory dominated Witch Trials Theory dictated whether Witch Trials Theory not you would be named Witch Trials Theory the trials. Native Americans and other religions represented threats Witch Trials Theory the Devil. Witch Trials Theory Witch Trials.